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Flame Arresters & Tank Venting Equipment


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KSPC Type KSFD Inline Detonation Flame Arrester

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KSPC Type KSFD Inline Detonation Flame Arrester


DN25 - DN400 (1" - 16")
ANSI Flanged

Body Materials

Cast Steel, SS304, SS316, SS316L

Operating Conditions

KSFD - DN 25 ~ DN 150 + 90℃ (=194℉) @ 1.2 bar abs
KSFD - DN 200 ~ DN 400 + 90℃ (=194℉) @ 1.1 bar abs


API 2000, BS7244, and EN 12874 / ISO 16852

  • Applications

    As federal, state and local air quality regulations become more stringent, incineration of gases becomes a more viable option rather than venting to atmosphere. In addition, there are regulations that require gas with any significant sour content be flared because of foul smell and toxicity. Companies that engage in this type of activity understandably have important safety concerns and protection against flashback in systems that contain flammable liquid products becomes a serious issue.

    Flame arrestors have been utilised in a variety of applications over the past fifty years.
    Old and new applications would include:

    • Storage tank vents
    • Offshore drilling platform vents
    • Oil/petrochemical refineries
    • Chemical Processing plants
    • Marine loading systems
    • Natural gas supply lines
    • Flare stacks
    • Pulp and paper NCG processing
    • Vapour incineration systems
    • Vapour recovery systems
    • Landfill gas incineration
    • Sewage treatment vapour processing
    • Pharmaceutical
  • Features

    KSFD detonation flame arresters provide protection against flame propagation in piping systems that are manifolded or have long runs. The arresters are designed to stop an ignited flammable vapor mixture traveling at subsonic or supersonic vapor velocities. They are also designed to protect against continuous burning against the SS316L flame cell for a specific period.

    Key Features

    • Gas-tight enclosed design with element access hatch.
    • Exclusively used for Gas Applications
    • The units are passive devices with no moving parts.
    • Flame Arresters prevent the propagation of flame from the exposed side of the unit to the protected side by the use of a 316 stainless steel crimped metal ribbon type flame cell element. This construction produces a matrix of uniform openings that are carefully constructed to quench the flame by absorbing the heat. This provides an extinguishing barrier to the ignited vapour mixture.
    • The standard flame cell is suitable for IEC 11A or NEC group D gases. Cells for other gas groups are available as additional extras.
  • Sizing & Selection

    Flame propagation poses significant dangers to systems and personnel in industries worldwide. Careful consideration must be taken to determine whether to use a Deflagration Flame Arrestor or a Detonation Flame Arrestor. There are two basic determinations when evaluating the intended application:

    • The location of the ignition source from the flame arrestor, and;
    • what needs to be protected.

    First, determine the location of all potential ignition sources (i.e. flare, vacuum pump, blower, burner, lightning strike, static discharge, etc).
    Second, evaluate the system to determine exactly what should be protected (i.e., the gas source, process component, personnel, upstream process facility, tank, etc.).

    When you have determined the ignition source(s) and what is to be protected, the following parameters should be evaluated in order to determine the appropriate flame arrestment protective device:

    • Length and configuration of pipe and pipe between ignition source and arrestor.
    • System gas grouping.
    • System operating pressure
    • System operating temperature
    • Flame stabilisation on element
    • Pressure loss requirement through arrester

    All of these variables affect the design of the arrestor and can also affect the dynamics of flame propagation.

    Inline and End of Line Deflagration Flame Arrester Applications
    The inline flame arrestor and the end of line (free vent) arrestor are used to stop flame propagation of confined and unconfined low pressure deflagrations. They are typically used
    for limited piping applications when the system operating pressure is near atmospheric levels.

    Detonation Flame Arrester Applications

    The detonation flame arrestor is an advanced technology flame arrestor. They are used to stop the high pressures and velocities associated with detonation. They stop confined and unconfined low and high pressure deflagrations, stable and overdriven detonations. Application parameters for the detonation flame arrestors far exceed those of flame arrestors for pipe lengths, configurations, system operating pressures, and flame stabilisation. Our flame arrestors are designed, manufactured and tested according to API2000, BS7244 and BSEN1287 test standards and codes.

    System gas grouping

    The type of gas in the system and it’s corresponding gas group determines the design of the arrestor element. The SS316L element must be designed to accommodate the specific gas group that could possibly ignite and propagate in the system. The available designs consist of International Electric Code (IEC) group gases into IIC, IIB, IIA and I, the National Electric Code (NEC) groups gases into A, B, C and D categories depending on the MESG value of the gas.

  • Datasheets